European exploration and colonization of

But the most powerful inducement to exploration was trade. Upon discovering the immense global market for sugar, the Portuguese began to trade enslaved people across the Atlantic to toil on the sugar plantations. But inEuropean Christians decided not only to reclaim the holy city from Muslim rulers but also to conquer the entire surrounding area.

Some of these were on Caribbean islands, which had often already been conquered by the Spanish or depopulated by disease, while others were in eastern North America, which had not been colonized by Spain north of Florida. Although more prosperous under this administration, the French empire failed to match the wealth of New Spain or the growth of neighboring British colonies.

Augustine, killing many native people and enslaving many others. However, it was European exploration and colonization of by poor planning, short provisions, weak leadership, lack of demand for trade goods, and devastating disease.

The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe. Painting depicting a Castas with his mixed-race daughter and his Mulatta wife by Miguel CabreraWhen Pope Alexander VI issued the Inter caetera bull in May granting the new lands to the Kingdom of Spainhe requested in exchange an evangelization of the people.

Motivation for European conquest of the New World

They were sponsored by common stock companies such as the chartered Virginia Company financed by wealthy Englishmen who exaggerated the economic potential of this new land. In response to some enslavement of natives in the Caribbean during the early years, the Spanish Crown passed a series of laws prohibiting slavery as early as The Spanish, threatened by the Portuguese monopoly on enslaved Africans and expansion in the Atlantic, started their own colonization project with Christopher Columbus in Instead, the French traded with inland tribes for furs and fished off the coast of Newfoundland.

Johns River, near present-day Jacksonville. Survivors of his expedition eventually reached Mexico.

Exploration and Colonization

The lack of food security leading to extremely high mortality rate was quite distressing and cause for despair among the colonists. However, this incident did not halt the Spanish advance. Waves of repression led to the migration of about 20, Puritans to New England between andwhere they founded multiple colonies.

Click on the map to enlarge it. Painting depicting a Castas with his mixed-race daughter and his Mulatta wife by Miguel CabreraWhen in Maythe Pope Alexander VI issued the Inter caetera bull granting the new lands to the Kingdom of Spainhe requested in exchange an evangelization of the people.

Initially, France encouraged colonization by granting charters to fur-trading companies. With a favorable disease environment and plenty of land and food, their numbers grew exponentially to 65, by This article was adapted from " Portuguese Exploration and Spanish Conquest.

The Crusades provided the religious ideology for the Reconquista, which in turn inspired Atlantic colonization. He made three more voyages to America between andduring which he explored Puerto Ricothe Virgin Islands, Jamaica, and Trinidad.

Violence in Jerusalem during the Crusades. The USA did not enter the Pacific Basin until the early 19th century, initially to engage in whaling and trade with China, but by the end of the 19th century it became a colonial power in the Philippines and the Pacific Islands. As in the Iberian Peninsulathe inhabitants of Hispaniola were given new landmasters, while religious orders handled the local administration.

Slaves were a valuable commodity both for work and for sale in slave markets and so the policy of actively encouraging or forcing slaves to breed developed, especially after the ending of the Atlantic slave trade.

English and Dutch colonies, on the other hand, tended to be more religiously diverse.Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory. Aug 21,  · Watch video · But between and a series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America.

Final Study Guide: American History 1st Topic: European Exploration and Colonization of North America. Mayflower Compact * Was an agreement signed by all of the pilgrim men which said that they would remain loyal to the king and.

European Exploration and Colonization in the Pacific Basin sildenafil citrate mg northwestpharmacy European explorers, traders and colonizers were "late comers" to the Pacific Basin.

European explorations eventually led to the European colonization of North America. European countries began to claim territories in North America to expand their influence in the new lands. Slowly, the countries began to settle these areas to protect their newly claimed territories.

Exploration and Colonization

European Exploration and Colonization Written records about life in Florida began with the arrival of the Spanish explorer and adventurer Juan Ponce de León in Sometime between April 2 and April 8, Ponce de León waded ashore on the northeast coast of Florida, possibly near present-day St. Augustine.

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European exploration and colonization of
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